Oklahoma Cooperative Extension of Oklahoma State University
Josh Payne State Poultry Specialist
Dana Zook Area Livestock Specialist
The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak has become the largest animal health emergency in U.S. his- tory. Since December 2014, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has confirmed more than 230 detections of HPAI in wild birds, captive wild birds, backyard poultry and commercial poultry affecting approximately 50 million birds in the U.S. These birds have either died or been euthanized to control disease spread. To date, states with reported cases include Arkansas, California, Iowa, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, South Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming. The Centers for Disease control considers the health risk to humans from the HPAI outbreak to be low. Furthermore, no human infections have occurred from the current avian influenza viruses impacting North America.
Due to the close proximity of the disease to Oklahoma, it is imperative poultry producers be aware and understand the importance of biosecurity to prevent HPAI.Commercial poultry producers in and around Oklahoma are taking preventative measures against a potential outbreak; however, producers with small flocks may be less aware of the important role they can also play in preventing HPAI.
What is Biosecurity?
Biosecurity is a practice utilized to limit the spread of disease causing organisms. In this case, biosecurity means doing everything possible in an operation to prevent disease from entering a poultry flock.
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